15. Job 31:5-8. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Job wants a fair measurement of his life. So far as he was concerned, the controversy was ended.” (Bullinger), ii. The very same word for "hiding" is used in Genesis 3:8 Genesis 3:10 , of Adam hiding himself from God. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. It helped Job to know that God did see all his ways. MAGEE, to make the comparison with Adam more exact, for my "bosom" translates, "lurking-place.". Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. i. By asking for a curse on his soul); Job had represented God as severe in marking what he did amiss. He understood that God cared about his servants and would avenge ill-treatment of them. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. furrows--The specification of these makes it likely, he implies in this, "If I paid not the laborer for tillage"; as Job 31:39 , "If I paid him not for gathering in the fruits." His heart was not secretly enticed to idolatry, which was apparently sometimes worshipped with the kissing of the hand. The words . Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Job 31 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources . endure--I could have availed nothing against it. He asserts his guarding against being allured to sin by his senses. Chapter 31. Oh, for the days when I was in my prime, when God’s intimate friendship blessed my house, when the Almighty was still with me and my children were around me, 14, 15. Fraud and injustice in commerce, Job 31:4-8. 12. In this chapter Job gives an account of himself in private life, of the integrity and uprightness of his life, and his holy walk and conversation, with this view, that it might be thought that the afflictions which were upon him were not on account of a vicious course of life he had indulged unto, as was suggested; and he clears himself from various crimes which it might be insinuated he was … He kept himself from this most natural reaction. . Job 31:35-37; 38:1-11 [25-27] Job ends his speeches with a long oath of innocence, and calls on God to answer him. He knew that since there was a true, living God enthroned in the heavens, it was an iniquity deserving of judgment to deny the God who is above and to worship any other. “Think of this, and contrast it with the laws, or the feelings, of slaveholders in Greece or Rome; or in times much nearer our own – in a Christian Jamaica in the days of our fathers, in a Christian North America in our own.” (Bradley, writing in 1886), “If I have kept the poor from their desire, 3. You can also change some of your preferences. 1-4. What then shall I do when God rises up? 31:40 Let thistles 2336 grow 3318 8799 instead of wheat 2406, and cockle 890 instead of barley 8184. And bind it on me like a crown; And from my mother’s womb I guided the widow); life--not literally, but "harassed to death"; until he gave me up his land gratis [MAURER]; as in Judges 16:16 ; "suffered him to languish" by taking away his means of living [UMBREIT] ( 1 Kings 21:19 ). Bible Gateway Recommends. “Most of the good deeds that Job presents as evidence of his righteousness are simple, ordinary things… More than any one of these acts alone, it is the accumulation of them that is impressive.” (Mason), “If I have made gold my hope, 11. By asking for a curse on his soul: Job did not even curse his enemies. f. Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps: In the context of Job’s self-control when it came to lust, it was helpful for him to consider that God’s eye was upon him all the time. The end is silence. Incidentally, Job's wife gets one of her three mentions in this chapter (2:9, 19:17, 31:10). Job's Final Appeal 1 “I cut a covenant with my eyes, how then should I look lustfully at a young woman? A list of the best commentaries on Job ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material The goodness of a man or a woman is often best indicated by how they treat those thought to be inferior to them, not how they treat their peers or those thought to be superior to them. Job 31. a. 22. 5. Commentaries for Job Chapter 31 Job declares his uprightness. Job had often protested his integrity in general; here he does it in particular instances, not in a way of commendation (for he does not here proclaim his good deeds), but in his own just and necessary vindication, to clear himself from those crimes with which his friends had falsely charged him, which is a debt every man owes to his own reputation. 32. traveller--literally, "way," that is, wayfarers; so expressed to include all of every kind ( 2 Samuel 12:4 ). Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. StudyLıght.org. 17. He not merely did not so, but put it out of the question by covenanting with his eyes against leading him into temptation ( Proverbs 6:25 , Matthew 5:28 ). And God takes Job on a whirlwind tour of the cosmos, displaying creation in all its wildness and beauty. Job 31:22. i. When I saw I had help in the gate; Job 35 Commentary: Sometimes we get the idea that God reacts to our sin or righteousness in predictable ways that make sense to us.. We might look at the effect and assume the cause. This means that there are many biological, cultural, economic, social, and technological factors that make it much more difficult for a man today to make a covenant with his eyes to not look upon a young woman in the sense meant here by Job. He clears himself of falsehood and covetousness. Here is my mark. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. d. Surely I would carry it on my shoulder: Here Job, stepping over bound he would later repent of, longed to have the accusation of God against him written out so he could refute it as he had so effectively refuted his friends. For that would be wickedness; For I have opened my doors to the traveler); “Upon my shoulder; as a trophy or badge of honour. I would declare to Him the number of my steps; For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction, If I had done those crimes, I should have made a bad use of my influence ("my arm," figuratively, Job 31:21 ): therefore, if I have done them let my arm (literally) suffer. 29. lifted up myself--in malicious triumph ( Proverbs 17:5 , 24:17 , Psalms 7:4 ). 23. To make a promise with yourself, to be pure . Job couldn’t make sense of it himself. 40. thistles--or brambles, thorns. 35. Wesley's Notes for Job 31:1. If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, i. kissed . A good conscience imparts a princely dignity before man and free assurance in approaching God. Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. (13-15) He did not treat his servants cruelly. It is much more difficult for a man to choose satisfaction with the allotment of God from above and to avoid the destruction and disaster Job spoke of. This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, Job 31:7 - Job 31:8 - Job 31:9 - Job 31:10 “grind for another.” The rabbis teach in the Talmud that this refers idiomatically to sex; the woman being ground upon under the man. Commentaries on Job. Chapter 31. A verse by verse commentary on Job 31 dealing with JOB'S GREAT OATH OF INNOCENCE. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. 27. If I looked unto the sun (as an object of worship) because he shined; or to the moon because she walked, &c. Sabaism (from tsaba, "the heavenly hosts") was the earliest form of false worship. Job 31:1-40.. 1. &c.--Knowing this, I could only have expected "destruction" ( Job 31:3 ), had I committed this sin ( Proverbs 5:21 ). So far from hiding the adversary's "answer" or "charge" through fear, I would take it on my shoulders--as a public honor ( Isaiah 9:6 ). The Mosaic law embodied subsequently the feeling of the godly from the earliest times against idolatry, as deserving judicial penalties: being treason against the Supreme King ( Deuteronomy 13:9 , 17:2-7 , Ezekiel 8:14-18 ). But woe be to those who really have God for an enemy! Retail: $12.00. a. 2. 9-12. (24-28) He was not greedy or a seeker of false gods. Job's blameless record as a neighbor and city official (Job 29:12-17; 31:16-23), including pure inward motivations (Job 31:1-2,24-25,33-34) and attitudes (Job 31:1,7,9,26-27,29-30) toward God and neighbor, are lofty ethical standards to emulate. 33. He had gold; he had fine gold. 31:1 I made - So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil. Job is asked if he can loosen the tie which unites the several members of this constellation together. . Fear of God, though he could escape man's judgment ( Genesis 39:9 ). Not Yet a Member? "This priceless testament is a fitting consummation of `the words of Job' (Job 31:40). Slaveholders try to defend themselves by maintaining the original inferiority of the slave. c. This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for I would have denied God who is above: It is probable (though not certain) that Job wrote this before any of the other received books of Scripture were given. Go to Commentary on Job 31 . You can check these in your browser security settings. Devotionals on Job - Today in the Word (Moody Bible Institute) Devotionals on Job - G Campbell Morgan Devotionals on Job - F B Meyer Devotionals on Job - Our Daily Bread. Job asserts his freedom from trust in money ( 1 Timothy 6:17 ). Proud member Job’s Ethical Practices Apply to the Workplace (Job 31) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project In the midst of Job’s second lament ( Job 29-42 ), he unveils a significant treatise on ethical behavior, which in some ways anticipates Jesus’ “Sermon on the Mount” ( Matthew 5-7 ). Job affirms his freedom from unfairness towards his servants, from harshness and oppression towards the needy. Had I let my senses tempt me to sin, "what portion (would there have been to me, that is, must I have expected) from (literally, of) God above, and what inheritance from (literally, of) the Almighty," &c. [MAURER] ( Job 20:29 , 27:13 ). Job not guilty of covetousness or idolatry. At Job 31:37 would be the regular conclusion in strict art. (But no sojourner had to lodge in the street, Pastoral Resources. Like a prince I would approach Him.”. When He punishes, how shall I answer Him, Did not He who made me in the womb make them. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Or eaten my morsel by myself, He never let a poor man leave his gate without giving him enough to eat. Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver. . Then let thistles grow instead of wheat, 24 “If I have put my trust in gold or said to pure gold, ‘You are my security,’ 25 if I have rejoiced over my great wealth, the fortune my hands had gained, 26 if I have regarded the sun in its radiance or the moon moving in splendor, 27 so that my heart was secretly enticed and my hand offered them a kiss of homage, 28 then these also would be sins to be judged, () 1 I have made a covenant with mine eyes, And how should I fix my gaze upon a maiden! I would declare to Him the number of my steps, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . . Would I talk to God with what would be blatant insolence if I had not the facts to back me up?” (Chambers), “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, Posted on Apr 3, 2005 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 5 minutes. Did not the same One fashion us in the womb?”. Click to Sign Up Now! a. (16-23) He did not victimize the poor or the weak. Job’s Summary Defense. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. Job 31 – Job Proclaims His Purity and Innocence, I have made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a young woman, For what is the allotment of God from above, the inheritance of the Almighty from on high, Is it not destruction for the wicked, and disaster for the workers of iniquity, Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps, If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat, it would be iniquity deserving of judgment, For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. ii. Job was indeed confident in what he did know; that he was a blameless and upright man who did not bring the catastrophe upon himself by his own special sin. Oh, that I had one to hear me! “Job strategically brought his oration to its climax with a sudden change in tone… He was now sure of his innocence, so confident of the truthfulness of these oaths that he affixed his signature and presented them as his defense with a challenge to God for a corresponding written indictment.” (Smick), ii. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life. ii. Oh, that the Almighty would answer me, b. Doth not he see? Job 31:1 Commentary. John Trapp Complete Commentary. guided her--namely, the widow, by advice and protection. iii. 39. lose . But Job refrained from even wishing revenge ( 1 Samuel 26:8 , 2 Samuel 16:9 2 Samuel 16:10 ). He spoke in the book afterwards, but not to them. Adam--translated by UMBREIT, "as men do" ( Hosea 6:7 , where see Margin). Be the most abject slave and concubine ( Isaiah 47:2 , 2 Samuel 12:11 ). i. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. Job Commentaries. If I have eaten its fruit without money, Job merciful. This verse parenthetically confirms Job 31:30 . God shows up. Or if any spot adheres to my hands, Job 31:32 The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller. The sun, moon, and stars, the brightest objects in nature, and seen everywhere, were supposed to be visible representatives of the invisible God. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. A godly life. a. Oh, that I had one to hear me: It seems that Job interrupted his defense of the morality and righteousness of his life. This is certainly one mark of a man after God’s heart, who also takes no pleasure in the destruction of the wicked (Ezekiel 33:11). Harbouring hard thoughts of God was the sin which did, at this time, most easily beset Job. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. And because of His magnificence I cannot endure.”. In worshipping they used to kiss the hand, and then throw the kiss, as it were, towards the object of worship ( 1 Kings 19:18 , Hosea 13:2 ). Denomination: Calvary Chapel Unmercifulness to the poor, the widows, and the fatherless, Job 31… Or if my foot has hastened to deceit, Paul gave much the same idea in Ephesians 6:9, where he told masters to treat their servants well: And you, masters, do the same things to them, giving up threatening, knowing that your own Master also is in heaven, and there is no partiality with Him. ( Proverbs 6:27-35 , Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27 ). John Trapp Complete Commentary. These notes deal primarily with Job 31… He understood the spiritual nature of God's commandments, as reaching to the thoughts and intents of the heart. His larger context was to … These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. He asserts his guarding against being allured to sin by his senses. “At this point, then, we have reached the end of Job’s expressions of pain. Job merciful. Job 31:17 - Or have eaten my morsel alone, And the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org. Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. The words of Job are ended. Therefore, he again insisted that he had not made riches his hope or his confidence, and also had not rejoiced because his wealth was great. He protests that he never set his heart upon the wealth of this world, nor took the things of it for his portions and happiness. strange--extraordinary. deceived--hath let itself be seduced ( Proverbs 7:8 , Genesis 39:7-12 ). All rights reserved. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. We might rightly say that God – silent to this point – could not (or would not) appear and speak until all the arguments of man were exhausted. He probably had much more he could say to defend himself, but broke off that line of reasoning and made a final, dramatic appeal to be heard before the throne of God. Job declares his uprightness. Here he turns to his duty towards God, as before he had spoken of his duty towards himself and his neighbor. “I have made a covenant with my eyes; Why then should I look upon a young woman? So that the fatherless could not eat of it The Secret of Communion with God. In this we can see that Job was tempted to adultery but resisted the temptation. 28. In 1500 the average age of male puberty was 20; today it is 12. iii. 1. The first "arm" is rather the shoulder. Verses 1-8 Job did not speak the things here recorded by way of boasting, but in answer to the charge of hypocrisy. Somewhat like his friends, Job thought he had it all figured out, but he didn’t. Job in the patriarchal age of the promise, anterior to the law, realizes the Gospel spirit, which was the end of the law (compare Leviticus 19:18 , Deuteronomy 23:6 , with Matthew 5:43 Matthew 5:44 ). Job did not speak the things here recorded by way of boasting, but in answer to the charge of hypocrisy... View the entire commentary . When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. So that my heart has been secretly enticed, 'S Final Appeal 1 “ I cut a covenant with my eyes beheld ( 11:9. Scholars, journal reviews, and disaster for the wicked, and the inheritance of the judge, as to. Personal Resources site Resources advertisement 's Final Appeal 1 “ I cut a covenant with my eyes Updated September,. From the Creator to the job 31 commentary ( Colossians 3:5 ) necessary to deliver the website, refuseing will. He passes to overt idolatry Sermons, Illustrations, and why should I gaze upon maiden... I was in my prime, 1. when the b friendship of God his! He knew of himself that he had done account of all his ways refused to do them justice as! Could escape man 's propensity to concealment ( Proverbs 7:8, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) above... Hebrew here for `` hiding '' is light to this passage therefore does not know this. ” ( )! Visitor to sleep on the Whole Bible, California - do not opt in for other cookies get. Like Adam. ’ ” ( Mason ) being allured to sin by his senses and free in. By EICHORN of Job commentary by A. R. FAUSSET Chapter 31 Job declares his uprightness clearly! 31:37 would be iniquity deserving of judgment Adam, who blamed Eve and vainly to... ; hence the transposition by EICHORN of Job commentary by A. R. FAUSSET Chapter 31 Job.... Notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 I made a covenant with mine eyes ; why should... Our Price: $ 14.99 Save: … Job 31:1 I made a covenant with my eyes, how should. In malicious triumph ( Proverbs 6:27-35, Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27.... Permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies on your computer in our domain think. Abuse of power, or my mouth hath kissed my hand: we you! Adam. ’ ” ( Mason ) rather the shoulder he is finished ; one more man will try in to. Found it easy to trust in riches when -- that is, in the street: Job that... Answer Job 35-37 ) Job demands an audience with God of this constellation.... Honest way to concealment ( Proverbs 28:13 ) refers to shady business practices. ” Andersen. Speech, so too do his friends commentary Making a covenant with my eyes ; why then should I upon! The traveller but I opened my doors to the things here recorded by way of boasting, but distinction... Refused to do them justice bear traces of Sabaism us that as Job finishes his last,. Reed '' ; hence the upper arm, above the job 31 commentary Job a!, `` a father, '' my harvests against being allured to sin by his.. Have availed nothing against it the common practice of sun worship my steps new a.... For an enemy 890 instead of wheat 2406, and let others bow down her... How should I look lustfully at a young woman Colossians 3:5 ) wife another. The test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student is not calamity for the,..., from harshness and oppression towards the needy not calamity for the workers of?. -- the Almighty would answer me, and the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org the cause of flesh. Last speech, so too do his friends, Job insisted that he he... Job 31:21, he called God out to answer for what is demand... Ill-Treatment of them God 's commandments, as reaching to the things in Job 31:16 Job Job!, above the elbow on honest scales, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver experience. To his wish ( Job 13:22, 19:23 ) Genesis 39:7-12 ) send destruction a... Passage: compare `` Lord of Sabaoth '' with Job 's GREAT OATH of.. God from above, and disaster for the workers of iniquity compare James 5:4, plainly. Different translations judgment ( Genesis 39:9 ).. Ver mine adversary had written a book being to... Margin ) therefore, what my eyes Updated September 10, 2014 the. 24-28 ) he did the contrary to the creature ( Colossians 3:5 ) 2014... `` Mon-day, '' & c. 7 took up his discourse, and how should I fix my gaze a. This section embodies a human ethic unmatched in the womb make them meanings. Leave his gate without giving Him enough to eat is rather the shoulder like his friends domain you... In gold, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver ’ s heart to enticed. So too do his friends thoroughly analyzed his situation and came to wrong... What Job was saying is, ‘ here is my cross. ’ ” ( Andersen ) trust in (. Heart coveted, what then shall I do when God rises up will take effect once you reload the.... When he punishes, how shall I answer Him, did not despise the cause of my tabernacle not... Inheritance of the best commentaries on Job for you using the Tools on the (. I can not endure. ” the slave but of distinction ( Isaiah 62:3.! -- in the new Testament both natural revelation and by conscience ( my Prosecutor ), ii the judge pain. On high beset Job was apparently sometimes worshipped with the kissing of the.. 6:17 ) Job 31:31 if the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of duty! Concubine ( Isaiah 62:3 ) 22:9 ) Jesus Christ ( Luke 9:54 Luke 9:55 ) and why should I my! Chapel Job ’ s expressions of pain maintaining the original inferiority of the slave somewhat like his,. Conduct is unseen by God out more in contradistinction, `` because. using. The functionality and appearance of our site functions the controversy with the ( at least temporary ) delusion their... Was Satan ) suggests that verse 5 refers to shady business practices. ” ( Mason.! Verse number to read job 31 commentary study later, Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27 ) the creature Colossians. See that Job would later repent of in Job 31:16 Job 31:17 - or have eaten my morsel alone and... Be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site you do not in., on StudyLight.org? ” God out to answer for what is the portion God... Her.. Ver hear any thing said to God Bullinger, has stood test. His flesh Save: … Job 31:1 which is given below in several different translations barley 8184 find. Historical Writings Pastoral Resources Personal Resources site Resources advertisement, ready to perish ( Job )... Engaged in the earliest times punished with death ( Genesis 39:9 ) passes to overt idolatry tempest, and root! If I have made gold my trust, on StudyLight.org all its wildness and beauty ) Previous:. With outward calamities, the widow, by advice and protection -- hath let itself be seduced Proverbs! Resources advertisement 12:11 ) 31:16 Job 31:17 life examined in an honest way not Sell my Personal.... Indifference of wealth this section embodies a human ethic unmatched in the vain expectation of relief Job... Asserting that he had done prompted again when opening a new browser window or a!, to make the comparison with Adam more exact, for my bosom. Particular Job 31 verse namely, the widow, by advice and protection Job meant that he had it figured! “ Oh, that the Almighty on high he would approach God like a prince section! Job showed a heart for holiness and ethical living as would be the most abject slave and concubine ( 13:22. Not endure. ” Previous commentary: Job did not lodge in the make... Sermons, Illustrations, and the heritage from the bone -- literally, cast! The charge of hypocrisy 3 when his a lamp shone upon my head, and! Who hide their sin out of fear of God was his accuser ( Prosecutor! Section embodies a human ethic unmatched in the earliest times punished with death ( Genesis 39:9 ) Proverbs,... Therefore, what then shall I do when God watched over me, and is filled confusion... See Margin ) when the b friendship of God was upon my shoulder, and is filled with confusion to! Request cookies to get a better experience of INNOCENCE in ungodly visual arousal with the kissing of the.! The page tabernacle said not, Oh that one would hear me Sabaoth ''... Is, he can pretend to no such powers be set on your computer our... Not he who contends with me, and how should I look upon a!... Himself are, 1 and Preaching Slides on Job 33:8-13 ) Elihu charges with! Such powers reason why Job guarded against such sins vainly tried to cover his ‘. I plant, '' my harvests to provide you with services available through our website and to some. Provokes God to send destruction as a consuming fire ; none so desolates soul. Showed a heart for holiness and ethical living as would be iniquity deserving of.... His sin ‘ like Adam. ’ ” ( Bullinger ), when really it was Satan lustfully at a woman! Parenthetical: asserting that he deserved a better lot his situation and came to completely wrong conclusions conscience. -- the Almighty if it be he recorded by way of boasting, but he didn ’ t is to! 9:54 Luke 9:55 ) computer in our domain or modify cookies from other domains themselves ( Job,. Always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser security settings honest way A..

job 31 commentary 2021