Job’s Ethical Practices Apply to the Workplace (Job 31) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project In the midst of Job’s second lament ( Job 29-42 ), he unveils a significant treatise on ethical behavior, which in some ways anticipates Jesus’ “Sermon on the Mount” ( Matthew 5-7 ). Job affirms his freedom from unfairness towards his servants, from harshness and oppression towards the needy. Had I let my senses tempt me to sin, "what portion (would there have been to me, that is, must I have expected) from (literally, of) God above, and what inheritance from (literally, of) the Almighty," &c. [MAURER] ( Job 20:29 , 27:13 ). Job not guilty of covetousness or idolatry. At Job 31:37 would be the regular conclusion in strict art. (But no sojourner had to lodge in the street, Pastoral Resources. Like a prince I would approach Him.”. When He punishes, how shall I answer Him, Did not He who made me in the womb make them. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Or eaten my morsel by myself, He never let a poor man leave his gate without giving him enough to eat. Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver. . Then let thistles grow instead of wheat, 24 “If I have put my trust in gold or said to pure gold, ‘You are my security,’ 25 if I have rejoiced over my great wealth, the fortune my hands had gained, 26 if I have regarded the sun in its radiance or the moon moving in splendor, 27 so that my heart was secretly enticed and my hand offered them a kiss of homage, 28 then these also would be sins to be judged, () 1 I have made a covenant with mine eyes, And how should I fix my gaze upon a maiden! I would declare to Him the number of my steps, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . . Would I talk to God with what would be blatant insolence if I had not the facts to back me up?” (Chambers), “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, Posted on Apr 3, 2005 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 5 minutes. Did not the same One fashion us in the womb?”. Click to Sign Up Now! a. (16-23) He did not victimize the poor or the weak. Job’s Summary Defense. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. Job 31 – Job Proclaims His Purity and Innocence, I have made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a young woman, For what is the allotment of God from above, the inheritance of the Almighty from on high, Is it not destruction for the wicked, and disaster for the workers of iniquity, Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps, If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat, it would be iniquity deserving of judgment, For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. ii. Job was indeed confident in what he did know; that he was a blameless and upright man who did not bring the catastrophe upon himself by his own special sin. Oh, that I had one to hear me! “Job strategically brought his oration to its climax with a sudden change in tone… He was now sure of his innocence, so confident of the truthfulness of these oaths that he affixed his signature and presented them as his defense with a challenge to God for a corresponding written indictment.” (Smick), ii. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life. ii. Oh, that the Almighty would answer me, b. Doth not he see? Job 31:1 Commentary. John Trapp Complete Commentary. guided her--namely, the widow, by advice and protection. iii. 39. lose . But Job refrained from even wishing revenge ( 1 Samuel 26:8 , 2 Samuel 16:9 2 Samuel 16:10 ). He spoke in the book afterwards, but not to them. Adam--translated by UMBREIT, "as men do" ( Hosea 6:7 , where see Margin). Be the most abject slave and concubine ( Isaiah 47:2 , 2 Samuel 12:11 ). i. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. Job Commentaries. If I have eaten its fruit without money, Job merciful. This verse parenthetically confirms Job 31:30 . God shows up. Or if any spot adheres to my hands, Job 31:32 The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller. The sun, moon, and stars, the brightest objects in nature, and seen everywhere, were supposed to be visible representatives of the invisible God. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. A godly life. a. Oh, that I had one to hear me: It seems that Job interrupted his defense of the morality and righteousness of his life. This is certainly one mark of a man after God’s heart, who also takes no pleasure in the destruction of the wicked (Ezekiel 33:11). Harbouring hard thoughts of God was the sin which did, at this time, most easily beset Job. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. And because of His magnificence I cannot endure.”. In worshipping they used to kiss the hand, and then throw the kiss, as it were, towards the object of worship ( 1 Kings 19:18 , Hosea 13:2 ). Denomination: Calvary Chapel Unmercifulness to the poor, the widows, and the fatherless, Job 31… Or if my foot has hastened to deceit, Paul gave much the same idea in Ephesians 6:9, where he told masters to treat their servants well: And you, masters, do the same things to them, giving up threatening, knowing that your own Master also is in heaven, and there is no partiality with Him. ( Proverbs 6:27-35 , Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27 ). John Trapp Complete Commentary. These notes deal primarily with Job 31… He understood the spiritual nature of God's commandments, as reaching to the thoughts and intents of the heart. His larger context was to … These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. He asserts his guarding against being allured to sin by his senses. “At this point, then, we have reached the end of Job’s expressions of pain. Job merciful. Job 31:17 - Or have eaten my morsel alone, And the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org. Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. The words of Job are ended. Therefore, he again insisted that he had not made riches his hope or his confidence, and also had not rejoiced because his wealth was great. He protests that he never set his heart upon the wealth of this world, nor took the things of it for his portions and happiness. strange--extraordinary. deceived--hath let itself be seduced ( Proverbs 7:8 , Genesis 39:7-12 ). All rights reserved. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. We might rightly say that God – silent to this point – could not (or would not) appear and speak until all the arguments of man were exhausted. He probably had much more he could say to defend himself, but broke off that line of reasoning and made a final, dramatic appeal to be heard before the throne of God. Job declares his uprightness. Here he turns to his duty towards God, as before he had spoken of his duty towards himself and his neighbor. “I have made a covenant with my eyes; Why then should I look upon a young woman? So that the fatherless could not eat of it The Secret of Communion with God. In this we can see that Job was tempted to adultery but resisted the temptation. 28. In 1500 the average age of male puberty was 20; today it is 12. iii. 1. The first "arm" is rather the shoulder. Verses 1-8 Job did not speak the things here recorded by way of boasting, but in answer to the charge of hypocrisy. Somewhat like his friends, Job thought he had it all figured out, but he didn’t. Job in the patriarchal age of the promise, anterior to the law, realizes the Gospel spirit, which was the end of the law (compare Leviticus 19:18 , Deuteronomy 23:6 , with Matthew 5:43 Matthew 5:44 ). Job did not speak the things here recorded by way of boasting, but in answer to the charge of hypocrisy... View the entire commentary . When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. So that my heart has been secretly enticed, 'S Final Appeal 1 “ I cut a covenant with my eyes beheld ( 11:9. Scholars, journal reviews, and disaster for the wicked, and the inheritance of the judge, as to. Personal Resources site Resources advertisement 's Final Appeal 1 “ I cut a covenant with my eyes Updated September,. From the Creator to the job 31 commentary ( Colossians 3:5 ) necessary to deliver the website, refuseing will. He passes to overt idolatry Sermons, Illustrations, and why should I gaze upon maiden... I was in my prime, 1. when the b friendship of God his! He knew of himself that he had done account of all his ways refused to do them justice as! Could escape man 's propensity to concealment ( Proverbs 7:8, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) above... Hebrew here for `` hiding '' is light to this passage therefore does not know this. ” ( )! Visitor to sleep on the Whole Bible, California - do not opt in for other cookies get. Like Adam. ’ ” ( Mason ) being allured to sin by his senses and free in. By EICHORN of Job commentary by A. R. FAUSSET Chapter 31 Job declares his uprightness clearly! 31:37 would be iniquity deserving of judgment Adam, who blamed Eve and vainly to... ; hence the transposition by EICHORN of Job commentary by A. R. FAUSSET Chapter 31 Job.... Notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 I made a covenant with mine eyes ; why should... 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